As part of today’s Intel Architecture Day, Intel is devoting a good bit of its time to talking about the company’s GPU architecture plans. Though not a shy spot for Intel, per-se, the company is still best known for its CPU cores, and the amount of marketing attention they’ve put into the graphics side of their business has always been a bit weaker as a result. But, like so many other things at Intel, times are changing – not only is Intel devoting ever more die real estate to GPUs, but over the next two years they are transitioning into a true third player in the PC GPU space, launching their first new discrete GPU in several generations.

As part of Intel’s previously-announced Xe GPU architecture, the company intends to become a top-to-bottom GPU provider. This means offering discrete and integrated GPUs for everything from datacenters and HPC clusters to high-end gaming machines and laptops. This is a massive expansion for a company whom for the last decade has only been offering integrated GPUs, and one that has required a lot of engineering to get here. But, at long last, after a couple of years of talking up Xe and laying out their vision, Xe is about to become a reality for Intel’s customers.

While we’ll focus on different Xe-related announcements in separate articles – with this one focusing on Xe-LP – let’s quickly recap the state of Intel’s Xe plans, what’s new as of today, and where Xe-LP fits into the bigger picture.

When first announced back in 2018, Intel laid out plans for a single GPU architecture, Xe, comprised of three different microarchitectures: Xe-LP, Xe-HP, and Xe-HPC. Spanning the market from the bottom to the top respectively, Xe-LP would go into integrated and entry-level discrete graphics, Xe-HP into enthusiast and datacenter parts, and finally Xe-HPC would be for high performance computing clusters such as the upcoming Aurora supercomputer, the US Department of Energy’s long-awaited exaflop machine.

Since then, Intel has revised that plan a bit, and what was three microarchitectures is now four. Being announced as part of Intel Architecture Day today, Intel is revealing Xe-HPG, an additional microarchitecture for gaming-focused chips. We have more on Xe-HPG in this article, but at a high level it’s meant to be the missing piece of the puzzle in Intel’s product stack, offering a high-performance gaming and graphics-focused chip as opposed to Xe-HP, which is specializing in datacenter features like FP64 and multi-tile scalability. Xe-HPG is set to arrive in 2021, and notably will be built entirely at a third-party fab, unlike the rest of the Xe family.

Which to bring things back to the immediate topic of Xe-LP, makes this year’s launch of Intel’s first Xe microarchitecture all the more important. Intel’s plans for Xe involve building up successive Xe parts – quite literally in Xe-HPC’s case – going for wider designs that incorporate ever increasing numbers of base building blocks, and then scaling out the number of GPUs when even that isn’t enough. So Xe-LP is very much the foundation of the Xe family, not just in diagrams but in architecture as well; and consequently, what Intel has designed for Xe-LP will have repercussions for the entire Xe product stack.

Xe-LP: Integrated with Tiger Lake, But Discrete as Well

While Intel’s product plans for Xe have them eventually reaching far and wide, it’s only fitting that things start at the same place they always have for Intel’s GPUs: integrated graphics. Xe and Xe-LP will be making their first appearance in the market as part of Intel’s new Tiger Lake SoC, which the company will be launching on September 2nd. And despite the fact that Intel isn’t talking much about the product side of Tiger Lake itself – preferring to keep today about architecture and making September about products – Tiger Lake was very clearly the focal point for Xe-LP’s design. So Tiger Lake is the catalyst for it all, as we’ll see when discussing Xe-LP’s features.

Given Intel’s official disclosures today (never mind the many, many leaks), it’s clear that Tiger Lake parts are going to top out with a single Xe-LP slice. Which, new with this generation, is now 96 of Intel’s more fundamental GPU Execution Units (EUs). Overall, the company is targeting a 2x increase in performance over Ice Lake (Gen11) graphics,

But Tiger Lake won’t be the only place where Xe-LP will show up. As previously disclosed by Intel, the company is developing a discrete GPU version of it, which they are calling DG1. Designed to be paired with Tiger Lake in notebooks and other mobile devices, DG1 is Intel’s first discrete GPU in over twenty years, and it’s the spiritual-successor of sorts to Intel’s GT3 and GT4e integrated GPU configurations. Only instead of building low-volume CPU designs with a larger GPU, Intel will instead sell OEMs a discrete GPU based on the same architecture and built on the same 10nm SuperFin process as the integrated GPU.

DG1 will be shipping this year, so expect to see it show up in higher-performing Tiger Lake laptops. However Intel is otherwise disclosing very little about the part, as they are not disclosing much of anything with regards to product configurations today. So while we know that it’s based on Xe-LP and that it’s mobile-focused (Intel has dropped all discussion of desktop usage), we don’t have official details on anything such as its configuration or what type of memory it uses.

And forming the final pillar, the sever space won’t be left out on Xe-LP either. Intel will be delivering a quad-GPU product for servers that they are calling SG1. Based on four DG1 GPUs, this will be a replacement of sorts for Intel’s Xeon Visual Compute Accelerator family of products. Designed to leverage Intel’s earlier integrated GPUs, the Xeon VCA cards were aimed at the video encoding market, using Intel’s QuickSync media blocks to accelerate the process. Now that Intel has discrete GPUs, they no longer need to gang together CPUs for this market, and instead can sell accelerators with just the GPU. It’s a bit of a niche market with regards to the larger GPU ecosystem, but it’s an important one for Intel, so they’re hoping that SG1 will make server operators stand up and take notice – or at least those pesky Goa'ulds.

Xe-LP Feature Set: DirectX FL 12_1 with Variable Rate Shading
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  • regsEx - Thursday, August 13, 2020 - link

    HPG will use EM cores for ray tracing?
  • Mr Perfect - Thursday, August 13, 2020 - link

    "On the capacity front, the L3 cache can now be as large as 16MB"

    I apologize for being off topic, but I just had a surreal moment realizing that this piddly little iGPU can have the same amount of L3 cache as my Voodoo 3 had video ram. How far we've come.
  • Brane2 - Thursday, August 13, 2020 - link

    As usual, no useful info.
    They'll make a GPU that looks every bit like... GPU.
    What a shocker.
    Who knew ?
  • GreenReaper - Thursday, August 13, 2020 - link

    "As a result, integer throughput has also doubled: Xe-LP can put away 8 INT32 ops or 32 INT16 ops per clock cycle, up from 4 and 16 respectively on Gen11." -- but the graph says 4 and 8 respectively on Gen11. (The following line also appears odd as a result.)
  • Ryan Smith - Thursday, August 13, 2020 - link

    Thanks! That was meant to be 16 ops for Gen11 in the table.
  • neogodless - Thursday, August 13, 2020 - link

    > from reviews of Ice Lake and Ryzen 3000 “Renoir” laptops,

    It is my understanding that the Renoir codename refers to what are commercially Ryzen 4000 mobile APUs, like the 4700U, 4800H and 4900HS.
  • FullmetalTitan - Thursday, August 13, 2020 - link

    In addition to groaning at the joke at the end of page 1, I find the timing to be perfect as I just last night got my partner to start watching the Stargate series
  • Valantar - Friday, August 14, 2020 - link

    As always here on AT, an absolutely excellent article, distilling a pile of complex information down to something both understandable and interesting. I'm definitely looking forward to seeing how Tiger Lake's Xe iGPU performs, and the DG1 too. I doubt their drivers will be up to par for a few years, but a third contender should be good for the GPU market (though with a clear incumbent leader there's always a chance of the small fish eating each other rather than taking chunks out of the bigger one). Looking forward to the next few years of GPUs, this is bound to be interesting!
  • onewingedangel - Friday, August 14, 2020 - link

    The approach taken with DG1 seems a little odd. It's too similar to the iGPU by itself, just with more power/thermal headroom and less memory contention.

    Unless it works in concert with the IGP, you'd think it better to either remove the iGPU from the CPU entirely (significantly reducing die size) and package DG1 with the CPU die when a more powerful GPU is not going to be used, or to add a HBM controller to the CPU and make the addition of a HBM die the graphics upgrade option when the Base iGPU is not quite enough.
  • Digidi - Friday, August 14, 2020 - link

    Nice article! The Fron end look huge. 2 Rasterizer for only 700 Shaders is a massive Change.

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