Closing the Performance Gap with Desktops

If we look back at the past several generations of GPUs from NVIDIA, the GTX 480 launched in March 2010 and had 480 CUDA cores clocked at 700 MHz with a 384-bit memory interface and 3.7GHz GDDR5 (177.4 GB/s). The mobile counterpart GTX 480M officially launched just a couple months later (though it wasn't really available for purchase for at least another month), but it was a rather different beast. It used the same core chip (GF100) but with a cut-down configuration of 352 cores clocked at 425 MHz and a 256-bit memory interface clocked at 3.0GHz. In terms of performance, it was about 40-45% as fast as the desktop chip. GTX 580 came out in November 2010, with 512 cores now clocked at 772 MHz and 4GHz GDDR5; GTX 580M appeared seven months later in June 2011 with 384 cores at 620 MHz and 3GHz GDDR5, and it used a different chip this time (GF114 vs. GF110). Performance was now around 45-55% of the desktop part.

The story was similar though improved in some ways with GTX 680 and GTX 680M. 680M had 1344 cores at 720 MHz with 3.6GHz GDDR5 while GTX 680 had 1536 cores at up to 1058 MHz with 6GHz GDDR5. They were three months apart and now the mobile chip was around 55-65% of the desktop GPU. GTX 780/780M were basically announced at the same time (though mobile hardware showed up about a month later, in June 2013), and as with 580/580M the notebook part used a smaller chip than the desktop (GK104 vs. GK110). The performance offered was again around 55-65% of the desktop part. Then of course there's GTX 880M, which is sort of the counterpart to GTX 780 Ti. It uses a full GK104 (1536 cores) while 780 Ti uses a full GK110 (2880 cores), and the delay between the 780 Ti and the 880M launches was four months, and while the desktop GPUs never saw the 800 series, GTX 880M is down to around 50-60% of the top desktop GPU, the GTX 780 Ti.

That brings us to today's launch of the GTX 980M/970M. You might say that there have been patterns emerging over the past few years that hint where NVIDIA is going – e.g. Kepler GK107 first launched on laptops back in March 2012, with desktop GPUs coming a month later – but the higher performance parts have almost always been desktop first and mobile several months later, with at best 50-65% of the performance. Now just one month after NVIDIA launched the GTX 980 and 970, they're bringing out the mobile counterparts. What's more, while the mobile chips are yet again cut-down versions of the desktop GPUs, clocks are still pretty aggressive and NVIDIA claims the 980M will deliver around 75% of the performance of the GTX 980. Here's a look at the specifications of the new mobile GPUs.

NVIDIA GeForce GTX 900M Specifications
  GTX 980M GTX 970M
CUDA Cores 1536 1280
GPU Clock (MHz) 1038 + Boost 924 + Boost
GDDR5 Clock 5GHz 5GHz
Memory Interface 256-bit 192-bit
Memory Configuration 4GB or 8GB 3GB or 6GB
eDP 1.2 Up to 3840x2160
LVDS Up to 1920x1200
VGA Up to 2048x1536
DisplayPort Multimode Up to 3840x2160

The specifications are actually a bit of a surprise, as the core clocks on the 980M are right there with the desktop parts (though it may or may not boost as high). The 980M ends up with 75% of the CUDA cores of the GTX 980 while the memory clock is 29% lower. In terms of pure theoretical compute power, the 980M on paper is going to be 70-75% of the GTX 980. Of course that's only on paper, and actual gaming performance depends on several factors: GPU shader performance and GPU memory bandwidth are obviously important, but the CPU performance, resolution, settings, and choice of game are just as critical. In some games at some settings, the 980M is very likely to deliver more than 75% of the GTX 980's performance; other games and settings may end up closer to 70% or less of the desktop. Regardless, this is as close as NVIDIA has ever come to having their top notebook GPU match their top desktop GPU.

A big part of this is the focus on efficiency with Maxwell GM204. NVIDIA doesn't disclose TDP for their mobile parts, but the top mobile GPUs usually target 100W. NVIDIA went after efficiency in a big way with Maxwell 2, dropping TDP from 250W with GTX 780 Ti down to 165W with GTX 980, all while delivering a similar (often slightly better) level of performance. With further binning and refinements to help create a notebook GPU, the TDP target would be 60% of the GTX 980 and power requirements tend to scale quite a bit near the maximum stable clocks for any particular microprocessor. Reduce the memory clocks a bit and disable some of the SMM units and getting 75% of the performance with 60% of the power requirement shouldn't be too difficult to pull off.

Moving on to the GTX 970M, NVIDIA is still using GM204 but it has even more SMM units disabled leaving it with 1280 CUDA cores. The memory bus has also been dropped to a 192-bit interface, but with a slightly lower core clock and fewer cores to feed, the GTX 970M should do well with a 192-bit bus. The smaller memory bus also translates into less total memory this round, so NVIDIA isn't doing any asymmetrical memory interface on the 970M; it will have 3GB GDDR5 standard, with an option to go with 6GB. It's good to see the potential to get more than 3GB RAM, as we're already seeing a few games that are moving past that target.

In terms of theoretical compute performance (cores * clock speed), the GTX 980M will be about 30-35% faster than the GTX 970M in GPU-bound situations. If you're curious, the GTX 970M will also offer around 55-65% of the performance of the desktop GTX 970, so the second tier GPU ends up being closer to what we've seen with previous generations of NVIDIA mobile GPUs.

With the launch of the new GTX 970M and GTX 980M, it's also worth mentioning that NVIDIA is officially discontinuing some of the existing mobile parts. The current lineup of mobile GPUs from NVIDIA now consists of GeForce 820M, 830M, and 840M for the casual/less demanding market. The 820M is actually a Fermi-derived part, while 830M and 840M use GM108 with 256 and 384 cores, respectively. At the top of the product stack, the GTX 980M and 970M replace the GTX 880M and 870M, while GTX 860M and 850M continue as the "mainstream gaming" notebook GPUs; 860M also continues to be offered in two variants, a Maxwell GM107 version and a Kepler GK104 version, though the latter hasn't been widely used.

Introducing Mobile Maxwell: GM204 for Notebooks GTX 980M and 970M Notebooks and Conclusion
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  • ruggia - Tuesday, October 7, 2014 - link

    Well, I think you meant stagnation in 1080p gaming requirement, not stagnation in GPU performance. PC cards have indeed reached the required performance of 1080p gaming 5 years ago. Since then, focus have been shifted on supporting higher resolutions (1440p/4k) or higher frame rates (100+Hz), which haven't been possible 5 years ago. Right now, even a low end card can easily best your GTX260 card without problem. Reply
  • ezorb - Tuesday, October 7, 2014 - link

    I have an I7-920@3.2Ghz and a 2600k@4.5Ghz both rock solid. The single generation is just as great as the Core 2 to Nehalem , and the power consumption and noise are half on the sandy bridge and even less at idol. The 4770k@stock Ghz is faster than the 2600k@4.5Ghz, so I disagree, but clearly you have LOW standards cause i ditched the GTX 260 for a 5870, which was a massive improvment Reply
  • EzioAs - Tuesday, October 7, 2014 - link

    By your assumption, a 290X should be around 167% faster than the 5870...therefore an average performance increase of 41% per year. Reply
  • RussianSensation - Tuesday, October 7, 2014 - link

    EzioAs,

    290X is 2.95X faster (or 195% faster) than an HD5870. Here are the breakdowns from 2009:

    AMD = using 5870 as base of 100%
    290X (max) = 295% (so nearly 3x faster)
    HD7970Ghz = 229%
    HD6970 = 129%
    HD5870 = 100%

    Nvidia = using 480 as base of 100%
    980 (extrapolated from 780Ti) = 261%
    780Ti = 248%
    GTX680 = 162%
    GTX580 = 119%
    GTX480 = 100%
    http://www.computerbase.de/2013-12/grafikkarten-20...

    and

    http://www.computerbase.de/2014-09/geforce-gtx-980...

    Moving from 5870 (score of 30.1) vs. 980 (score of 105.1) is an increase of 3.49X. Therefore, GPU performance increased ~ 3.5X from the time HD5870 launched in Sept 2009 if one were to get a GTX980 today or an average increase of ~36.7% per year from 5870's launch.
    Reply
  • nathanddrews - Tuesday, October 7, 2014 - link

    60% of the time it works every time. Reply
  • EzioAs - Tuesday, October 7, 2014 - link

    I was just correcting Razyre.

    His number indicates that the 7970 is 2x faster than the 5870 and the 290X is 30% faster than the 7970. You do the math, and you get that the 290X is 2.6x faster than the 5870.
    Reply
  • RussianSensation - Tuesday, October 7, 2014 - link

    Some good points. However, the only reason 980M is much closer to the 980 is because 980 is a mid-range Maxwell, GM200/210 will be high-end. The comparison NV uses is completely flawed because 880M is a mid-range Kepler (GK104) so of course it will be 50-60% as fast as the flagship of that generation - 780Ti. The same is true for 480 vs. 480M and 580 vs. 580M because 480 and 580 were flagship GPUs.

    Let's see what happens when GM200/210 come out and compare it to 1080M GM204 and the performance will grow again in favour of the desktop flagship GPU. NV is just playing marketing right now comparing a high-end mobile Maxwell card against a mid-range Maxwell desktop card by calling 980 a "flagship" desktop Maxwell chip -- which it isn't, even remotely.
    Reply
  • azazel1024 - Tuesday, October 7, 2014 - link

    It depends on how you define "not improved". My AMD 5570 just died a couple of days ago and I ordered a GTX750. Looking at just raw numbers, it is between 150-250% faster than my 5570. I'll grant it is maybe closer to a 5670 in terms of locating it on the performance tier...but even against a 5670 it is at a minimum >100% faster in everything and in most things still in the area of >150% faster. That is in basically 4 years, for the same price and very slightly higher to somewhat lower power consumption, you get more than doubled the performance.

    Sure, I wouldn't mind more, but I also won't complain either.
    Reply
  • tviceman - Tuesday, October 7, 2014 - link

    The performance delta between the 980m and 970m is disappointing. Since notebook parts typically don't overclock as well, a smaller delta of ~20% would have been sufficiently enough to keep the 980m well in front of the 970m. As it sits now, 30% is really, really large. Reply
  • EzioAs - Tuesday, October 7, 2014 - link

    This is quite normal for Nvidia mobile GPUs right? Considering the price delta will also be just as high Reply

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