I'm in San Francisco until tomorrow morning, but aside from dinner I've been spending as much time with the next-gen MacBook Pro as possible. Apple, as always, has done an excellent job of giving users enough reasons to want this thing. There's the display for those who stare at their computers all day, there's the significant reduction in thickness and weight for those who want portability in a quad-core machine, and there's the significant GPU/SSD spec bump for those who crave performance.

MacBook Pro with Retina Display Comparison
  15-inch Mid 2012 MacBook Pro MacBook Pro with Retina Display
Dimensions 0.95 H x 14.35 W x 9.82" D 0.71 H x 14.13 W x 9.73" D
Weight 5.6 lbs (2.54 kg) 4.46 lbs (2.02 kg)
CPU Core i7-3615QM Core i7-3720QM Core i7-3615QM
L3 Cache 6MB 6MB 6MB
Base CPU Clock 2.3GHz 2.6GHz 2.3GHz
Max CPU Turbo 3.3GHz 3.6GHz 3.3GHz
GPU Intel HD 4000 + NVIDIA GeForce GT 650M
GPU Memory 512MB GDDR5 1GB GDDR5
System Memory 4GB DDR3-1600 8GB DDR3-1600 8GB DDR3L-1600
Primary Storage 500GB 5400RPM HDD 750GB 5400RPM HDD 256GB SSD
Optical Drive Y Y N
Display Size 15.4-inches
Display Resolution 1440 x 900 2880 x 1800
Thunderbolt Ports 1 2
USB Ports 2 x USB 3.0
Other Ports 1 x Firewire 800, 1 x Audio Line in, 1 x Audio Line out, SDXC reader, Kensington Lock slot SDXC reader, HDMI out, headphone out
Battery Capacity 77.5 Wh 95 Wh
Price $1799 $2199 $2199

Although Haswell will likely be a great fit for the next-gen MacBook Pro, anyone who travels a lot and does a good amount of work with their machine will be seriously tempted to upgrade now.

I've touched on the SSD speed bump already, and I've talked about how Apple is handling DPI scaling in Lion. To recap, Retina Display MBP owners now get a slider under OS X's Display Preferences that allow you to specify desktop resolutions other than 1440 x 900. At 1440 x 900 you don't get any increase in usable desktop resolution compared to a standard 15-inch MacBook Pro, but everything is ridiculously crisp. If you're like me however and opted for the 1680 x 1050 "high-res" upgrade last generation, this won't do. Thankfully Apple offers 1680 x 1050 and 1920 x 1200 scaling options that trade a bit of image quality and performance for added real estate. The gallery below gives you a look at the five settings. 

Even at the non-integer scaled 1680 x 1050 setting, the Retina Display looks a lot better than last year's high-res panel. It looks like Apple actually renders the screen at twice the selected resolution before scaling it to fit the 2880 x 1800 panel (in other words, at 1920 x 1200 Apple is rendering everything at 3840 x 2400 (!) before scaling - this is likely where the perf impact is seen, but I'm trying to find a way to quantify that now). Everything just looks better. I also appreciate how quick it is to switch between resolutions on OS X. When I'm doing a lot of work I prefer the 1920 x 1200 setting, but if I'm in content consumption mode I find myself happier at 1440 x 900 or 1680 x 1050.

Fewer Reflections, Hugely Improved Contrast

In the standard (glossy) MacBook Pro, Apple had a standard LCD arrangement with two sheets of glass plus a third piece of cover glass that gave it the seamless edge-to-edge glass appearance. The MacBook Air and the high-res/matte display on the other hand did not have any cover glass and instead hid the LCD panel behind a bezel. The MacBook Pro with Retina Display uses a similar LCD construction to the MacBook Air/matte-MBP, without a cover glass. Instead the Retina Display's two glass layers are different sizes, which you can sort of see in the cross section below:

By removing the cover glass Apple reduces the number of reflections and thus glare, however it's important to point out that this still isn't a matte display. I've never been particularly bothered by glossy screens so I'm really the wrong person to ask whether or not the reduction in reflections makes it usable. Compared to my matte MacBook Pro, the Retina Display is obviously more glossy but at the same time remarkably close. I'll reserve my final judgement until I've used the display in more varied conditions however.

As always, Apple chose to deal with the issues of glare and reflections by integrating an extremely bright panel with great black levels. The MacBook Pro's Retina Display is the first IPS based panel Apple has ever used in a MacBook. Viewing angles are much improved, as are black levels:

LCD Analysis - Black

LCD Analysis - White

Brightness appears to be down a bit compared to last year's high-res model, but the improvement in black levels more than makes up for the loss. Contrast ratio takes a huge step forward:

LCD Analysis - Contrast

When I'm back in the office I'll take some good shots of the wide viewing angles afforded by the new IPS Retina Display. The old MacBook Pro had a really good display but this just takes it to the next level. The improvement in contrast ratio is the most tangible for me however, aside from the increase in resolution of course.

Application Support for Retina Display

A tremendous benefit of being a provider of both software and hardware for the Mac platform is Apple can obviously sync the introduction of new features in both. Mail, Safari, iPhoto, iMovie and of course, OS X have all been updated to support the new MacBook Pro Retina Display. These applications all look absolutely gorgeous on the new Pro.

Third party applications will have to be updated however. What happens if you run an app that hasn't been updated to support the Retina Display? This screenshot comparing Google Chrome (left) to Safari (right) provides the best (worst case?) example:

Here Google uses Apple's text rendering API however Chrome renders to an offscreen canvas. Chrome's offscreen render doesn't appear to be Retina Display aware, and thus you get the mess you see above. It's usable, but it's a significant enough difference for me to drop Chrome and use Safari until it gets worked out. And I really like Chrome. Update: Chrome Canary appears to fix this.

Most developers will simply need to ensure they supply @2x image assets similar to the situation under iOS in order to properly support the Retina Display.

Gaming at 2880 x 1800

You'll notice that OS X doesn't, by default, expose the Retina Display's native 2880 x 1800 resolution anywhere in the standard, user-facing elements of the OS. In fact, 1920 x 1200 is the highest screen "resolution" you can select - a way of appeasing displaced 17-inch MacBook Pro owners. What about 3D games however?

The good news is the Retina MBP does nothing to hide its true nature from games. The screenshot above Diablo III was taken at 2880 x 1800. The setting page below shows the full list of resolutions enumerated:

Diablo III is actually quite playable at 2880 x 1800, at least in the earlier levels (I haven't had time to make it far enough in the game to tell how bad it can get). I managed to average 20 fps at 2880 x 1800 in the most stressful scene I have presently unlocked. Obviously things are smoother at lower resolutions. Diablo III exhibited some graphical anomalies at 1920 x 1200, but was fine at other 16:10 resolutions. 

Not all games will let you do this however. The Unigine Heaven benchmark for example wouldn't expose any resolutions higher than 1920 x 1200. Portal 2, on the other hand, did:

The console text in Portal 2 illustrates why even games need to be updated for proper Retina Display support:

This is also a great example of why Apple didn't directly expose a 2880 x 1800 display resolution in OS X. 

I was pleased when ASUS introduced a 1080p IPS panel in the new Zenbook Prime. I am even happier with the Retina Display in the next-generation MacBook Pro. I still need to clock in more hours on the new panel but it's been amazing thus far. I like it even better than the display on the new iPad, likely because I can appreciate it more in my line of work (I'm not typing 15K word articles on the iPad).

Other Notes

Although I'm still saving a bit for the full review, here are some other thoughts I had during my time with the next-gen MacBook Pro:

- The SD card reader works a lot better than its predecessor. In my early 2011 15-inch MacBook Pro there are a number of cards that won't read properly without repeated insertion and/or without applying pressure to the card once it's in the system. The next-gen Pro appears to have fixed this problem for me, at least based on the two cards I'm traveling with now. I have a particularly problematic card back home that I will try as soon as I can.

- Key travel appears to have been reduced a bit, either that or the keys are less springy than on my Sandy Bridge MBP. It's not bad, just different.

- The next-gen Pro chassis is definitely easier to carry around than the old unibody, but it doesn't exactly feel small. I lug around my 15-inch Pro enough that I'd appreciate the difference but don't expect this to feel like a slightly larger MacBook Air. Looking at it another way, the next-gen Pro feels right and makes the old unibody design feel big.

- I really wish the $2199 SKU had the 512GB SSD, or at least offered it as an option - otherwise the spec is near perfect in my mind. Without a standard 2.5" SSD it's going to be difficult to just swap in a larger drive. Other companies may make replacement drives down the road, but if Apple is using Samsung's PM830 controller in here I don't know that I'd want something else. 

That's all for now. I've got a lot more testing ahead of me. My flights tomorrow (technically, today) should prove for some good use case testing in an evironment I'm all too familiar with.

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  • pcgeek101 - Tuesday, June 12, 2012 - link

    I would love to run Windows 7 or 8 on a display like this, but I don't want the Apple keyboard or proprietary SSD (and other hardware). I wish PC makers would get with the program.
  • laytoncy - Tuesday, June 12, 2012 - link

    The display is great. The machine looks great. Finally 16 GB's of RAM. All SSD's for storage. Check, Check, Check...but why only a 650M? I'm guessing they just can't cool a 680M or even a 660M? I just don't get it. They don't seem to cut too many corners but they never give you options (at least good ones for gaming) when it comes to graphics...
  • Zensen - Tuesday, June 12, 2012 - link

    I hope more manufacturers start offering ssd and the 16gb ram is nice. I do think the display is overkill on a portable unit but whatever, I'm sure it'll many people fine.

    As for the graphics, sounds about right... it'll play angry birds, ninja fruit just fine.
  • tipoo - Tuesday, June 12, 2012 - link

    Probably heat or cost or both. The 650 is a good improvement from the 6770 though. It's not made to be a gaming machine although it can clearly handle a decent level of gaming, so for most the 650 is fine.
  • desta23 - Tuesday, June 12, 2012 - link

    It's running Diablo 3 at 27fps in that picture -- one of the least demanding new titles ever released (exaggerating a bit here) -- hardly a "decent level of gaming" considering it isn't even rendering any monsters...

    Apple's engineers clearly never heard the story of Goldilocks and the three bears and finding what was "just right" in regards to screen resolution....

    This upgrade amounts to paying $500 for a screen which the hardware is too slow to run and then losing the ability to upgrade your own RAM and HD...

    I own a Macbook Pro now and would love (and can easily afford) a new one -- I'll pass...
  • thoughtsforthemind - Tuesday, June 12, 2012 - link

    Did you read the article? The laptop is running Diablo at native resolution at 27 fps, or in other words, driving more pixels than any other laptop. Ever. Made. (that I'm aware of, anyone know better?)

    With the ability to turn down the resolution to a more normal 1920x1200 or even 1280x800 for more demanding games, and minimal artifacting going by other programs, it should be fine as a gaming unit. Not top of the line, but medium/high settings for 2012 games fine.

    Now if they would release more games for Mac...
  • desta23 - Tuesday, June 12, 2012 - link

    Did you read the article and actually play Diablo 3? If he's getting 27 fps doing nothing -- what is he going to get in Act 3 Siegebreaker with 40 monsters on the screen? So no -- it won't play Diablo 3 at that resolution...

    So your suggestion is turn down the resolution to make it work? Considering you'd have to run 1440x900 to avoid major pixel interpolation problems what was the point of spending all the extra money for that screen again?

    The point is - Apple overshot. The hardware in the computer isn't up to snuff for 2880x1800. Most people running that resolution would have an SLI or Crossfire setup. The notebook should have came with a 1920x1200 IPS LCD panel - period.
  • KitsuneKnight - Tuesday, June 12, 2012 - link

    You're making the mistake of assuming that Apple is targeting gamers with this system. Apple isn't (when do they ever?). At best, being able to game is a nice 'perk' (I've played all of Act 3- and most parts of other acts- on a system that would only pull low-20 fps when idle in Act 1... it was perfectly playable).

    If you're doing anything that involves text, using a system with a very high DPI will make it much easier to use for extended periods of time. In addition, if you did iOS development, you'd actually be able to do development for the iPad 3 without having to scale the crap out of the simulator.

    Having very high DPI will also be wonderful for anyone that works in Photoshop (or similar programs). I don't know exactly how Lion's scaling will impact Photoshop, but I'm sure both Adobe and Apple will be working to make sure it works well.

    There might also be more controls/functionality included with Mountain Lion. I wouldn't be surprised if Lion just has a very limited version of ML control/APIs.
  • ytpete - Tuesday, June 12, 2012 - link

    >> You're making the mistake of assuming that Apple is targeting gamers with this system. Apple isn't

    Then why did they show Diablo III during the keynote?

    Also, I'm not at all convinced that high-DPI is automatically great for Photoshop. E.g. if you're making content for the web, you don't want to be viewing pictures at a totally different DPI from everyone else.
  • seapeople - Tuesday, June 12, 2012 - link

    The screen is IPS. That in itself is worth a significant upgrade price. Maybe not $400, but with that you get a solid state drive as well.

    Forget the resolution upgrade, many people would consider this a worthwhile upgrade for the IPS screen and SSD alone.

    Also, I wonder how 1920x1200 will look on this screen - the pixels are so close together that it might not be bad at all.

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